Baniogan. As with other barangays in Malolos, Caniogan’s name is derived from folklore. Its story began with the tale of sweethearts Niyo and Melita.It was told that Niyo, a stranger who came to the barrio during a heavy rain brought by a typhoon, sought shelter in the house of Melita whose parents gladly accepted him. Upon seeing each other, the couple immediately fell in love with each other, but maintained mutual respect, even as they stayed under one roof for days. After the storm had passed, Niyo had to travel back to his hometown, but not without promising Melita that he would return to seek her parents consent for their marriage. As a symbol of his promise, Niyo left Melita a seemingly barren, rounded fruit.
Melita took good care of the fruit while waiting for her love to return. But as days passed, Melita noticed that a root lead began protruding from the barren fruit. She thought it wise to plant the growing sprout, and soon it grew into a large tree with so many branches and leaves. Months went by, and the lowly, barren sprout bore the same fruit abundantly that folks soon called Niyog in honor of Niyo. From thereon, the village was called Caniyogan or a place where niyog is plenty.
Whatever happened to Niyo?
Niyo was true to his promise, and returned to marry Melita.
From the historical accounts of the Diocese of Malolos, Caniogan Parish was added to its jurisdiction after the formation of the independent San Jose de Panasahan Parish, from formerly being member of the Sta. Isabel Parish.
Caniogan’s patroness is Maria Salome—one of the 3 Mary’s in Christ’s history and passion. Her feastday is celebrated by barrio folks on Easter Sunday, marked by the traditional procession well known as Salubong from the nearby Sta. Isabel Church to the Caniogan Chapel. The affair is an elegant parade participated in by numerous devotees from all over the province of Bulacan. The patroness Maria Salome was said to have been one of the women who accompanied Jesus in his hour of suffering and was witness to his crucifixion. She was also among those who first went to see the tomb of Jesus on Easter Sunday morning. The Salubong reenacts Maria Salome’s fateful encounter with the Risen Christ. For this special role in the life of the Saviour, devotees believe that devotion to Maria Salome can bring miracles, cure any sickness, and even intercede for couples who have difficulty having a child.
5,158 as of 2007 Source: NSO Census of Population, 2007